Suriname, a versatile country
ClimateSuriname is located in the equatorial zone of the tropics and therefore has a tropical climate with average temperatures of around 27 ° C. Due to the influence of the north-east passate, rain falls in all seasons. The coastal area is generally swampy with extensive flood forests, in which the well-known mangroves grow. Mangroves are trees or shrubs that occur in the eco zones. It is a collection of flora and fauna that lives in an environment. To the south of the mangroves lie the agricultural land with plantations and further south the hilly countries begin with the impenetrable tropical rain forests.
- Inhabitants: 500,000 inhabitants
- Language: official language is Dutch
- Currency: The Surinamese Dollar
- Best travel time: January to April, August to October
- Time difference: 4 hours earlier
- Travel time: ± 8 hours by plane
- Size country: 163,820 km2 (4x the size of the Netherlands)
GeographySuriname has a number of important rivers.
- Suriname: 480km long
- Coppename: 150 km long
- Saramacca: 255km long
- Corantine: 700km long
All rivers run from the south to the north.
PopulationSuriname consists of a wide variety of races, each with its own origin, culture and religion.
- Hindustani: from the former British India (India and Pakistan). They form the largest population group
- Creoles: in Suriname this is the collective name for all black Surinamese and colored people born in Suriname
- Bosnegers or Bosland Creoles: descendants of Negro slaves who fled to the woods. They live in tribal groups and hold on to the traditional religious African traditions and beliefs.
- Javanese: from the former Netherlands East Indies. These are many traders and small farmers living in Commewijne.
- Native Americans: the original inhabitants. To be distributed in Lower Indians (Arowaks, Caribbean), living in the coastal areas. And the Native Indians (Wajanas, Trios, Akoerio), living in the interior.
- The coastal Indians often work in the nearby villages and towns, but still retain their Indian lifestyle. The Indians in the interior still largely live in small groups in a primitive way in the jungle and live from hunting and fishing.
- Chinese people: the descendants of the contract worker from Hong Kong or the Dutch East Indies. They are mostly traders. Many Chinese are currently migrating to Suriname. This is partly due to the need of China for wood and minerals, which of course is attractive to Chinese entrepreneurs.
- Whites: descendants of the Dutch, Portuguese of Madeira, other Europeans, Lebanese, Syrians and Anglo-Americans. Paramaribo and Wanica in particular are populated by this group.
- Bakras are the whites who have just come to live in Suriname, or who do not have mixed blood.
- Boeroes are the descendants of the white settlers who came from Groningen and Gelderland in the mid-19th century.
- Brazilians: a new and growing group of residents. The reason they came to Suriname is to look for gold. However, they increasingly participate in other branches.
Surinamese in the NetherlandsAround 350,000 Surinamese live in the Netherlands. Most of them left for the Netherlands around 1980/1982, after the military coup (1980) or after the December murders (1982). However, there has also been migration between the Netherlands and Suriname since colonial times. In the beginning these were the richer, later from 1920/1930 also the less wealthy Surinamese came to the Netherlands. They were looking for a better education, work or a music career.
Most residents live in the north of Suriname, in the districts of Paramaribo, Wanica and Nickerie. The least populated district is Sipaliwini. Sipaliwini covers most of the interior.
LanguageDue to, among other things, the different races, it is because around 20 different languages are spoken in Suriname. The official language is the Netherlands, but English is on the rise in business. During the slave time it developedtaki taki". This is Negro English, also called Sranan or Sranantongo. Taki'taki is a Creole language that is spoken by almost every Surinamese.
ReligionThe relationships between religions look something like this:
- 41% Christianity - half of them are Roman Catholic and the other half Protestant.
- 20% Hinduism
- 13% Islam
- 10% no religion or other
- 16% no data
ParamariboThe capital of Suriname is 20 km from the sea in a wide bend of the Suriname River. Many colonial buildings are typical of Paramaribo, such as Fort Zeelandia. Just like street life is typical of Paramaribo. If you go to the market, this is a true experience. The people who sell something behind a stall are of different races and population groups.
Fort ZeelandiaA former Dutch fort, situated on the banks of the Suriname river. Since 2004 it is a museum.
Since 2002, the historic center of Paramaribo has been on the UNESCO World Heritage List. UNESCO stands for United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. Their purpose is to guarantee peace and security through cooperation with various Member States. UNESCO compiles, among other things, a World Heritage list.
The Saint Peter and Paul Cathedral is a protected building. Entirely made of wood and therefore a 'worry child'. The cathedral is multifunctional after a restoration. There is the grave of Peerke Donders, a Dutch clergyman declared blessed by the Roman Catholic church.
There are many famous people born in Paramaribo,
Ruth Jacott (singer), Edgar Davids (soccer player), Humberto Tan (presenter) and many others.
NatureSuriname has different flora and fauna. The vast majority are covered with jungle. This jungle is part of the largest tropical rainforest on earth: The Amazon rainforest, the largest part of which is located in Brazil.
Many biologists visit the interior for studies or research.
Unfortunately due to deforestation and pollution caused by mining (especially gold mining) there are threats to nature. In Suriname there is a long history in the field of nature conservation. There are various organizations active to protect nature, Stinasu, Lands Bosbeheer and wwf-guianas.
Suriname has 11 protected nature reserves, 1 nature park and 4 special management areas.
|Name of area||Surface area (hectare)||District|
|Upper Coesewijne Nature Reserve||27.000||Saramacca, Para|
|Brinckheuvel Nature Reserve||6.000||Brokopondo|
|Central Suriname Nature Reserve||1.600.000||Sipaliwini|
|Coppename Mouth Nature Reserve||12.000||Saramacca|
|Galibi Nature Reserve||4.000||Marowijne|
|Deerrist Nature Reserve||100||Nickerie|
|Copi Nature Reserve||28.000||Para|
|Peruvia Nature Reserve||31.000||Coronie|
|Sipaliwini Nature Reserve||100.000||Sipaliwini|
|Wanekreek Nature Reserve||45.000||Marowijne|
|Wia Wia Nature Reserve||36.000||Marowijne|
|Brownsberg Nature Park||12.200||Brokopondo|
|Bigi Pan Special Management Area||67.900||Nickerie, Coronie|
|Noord Commewijne-Marowijne Special Management Area||61.500||Commewijne, Marowijne|
|Noord Coronie Special Management Area||27.200||Coronie|
|North Saramacca Special Management Area||88.400||Saramacca|
TourismDue to political unrest, many Surinamese migrated to the Netherlands in 1975. In the following years tourism remained limited, Suriname was visited for the family. Tourism has started to grow again in recent years.
SightsFort New Amsterdam: A fort which is strategically located at the place where the Commewijne River flows into the Suriname River and from where they flow together into the ocean. Fort New Amsterdam was built in the 18th century to protect the plantations along the Commewijne River against pirates and other invaders.
Beach at Galibi: Here are populations of giant turtles. The locals call them Aitkanti. This is the leatherback turtle, the most common turtle.
Cola Creek: He owes his name to the dark brown water, which is very clean, partly because it comes from the interior. Many Surinamese come here to relax for a day.
Independence Square: The square was named after independence in 1975. The colonial buildings that stand here are reminiscent of typical Dutch cities. There are various buildings made entirely of stone. The foundations of the wooden houses are often constructed from the same stones.
Suriname is a beautiful country with many cultures. You will find many forms of art there and there are galleries where you can admire the works of artists, buildings and monuments. A country that you must see.