The most common diseases in children

Diseases. Every child gets sick sooner or later. But how can you recognize a disease, what are the symptoms, and when should a doctor be called in? The most common diseases in children are described with the symptoms that make this disease recognizable and it is indicated when a doctor will have to be called in. With all diseases, it goes without saying that you also have to trust your instinct and when in doubt it is always best to call in a doctor. The following diseases in children are described in this article:
  • Asthma
  • Bronchitis
  • Constitutional eczema
  • Flu / (influenza)
  • Throat almond inflammation
  • Febrile convulsion
  • Diaper rash
  • Meningitis (neck cramp)
  • Middle ear infection
  • Hives / hives
  • Nasal tonsils
  • Pseudo call
  • Scarlet fever
  • RS virus or pneumonia
  • Common cold
  • Fifth disease
  • Food allergy
  • Chicken-pox
  • Sixth disease


Shortness comes in various forms. If the tightness is combined with a difficult and wheezing breath and no fever is involved, you can start thinking that it is asthma. The doctor can give a definite answer as to whether it is really about asthma. Once this has been diagnosed with asthma, it is possible to start administering an airway-widening agent. An inhaler is used for this, which is available in various shapes and sizes to allow the child to breathe in as well as possible. Usually, the airway widening agent is given in combination with an anti-inflammatory agent. In some cases, the asthma may disappear before puberty. Until then, it is wise for the child to come into contact with as little dust as possible.


If tightness in combination with a fever occurs and a lot of mucus is coughed up, bronchitis may occur. This is an inflammation of the branches in the windpipe and usually occurs after a cold or flu. Here too, the doctor must make a diagnosis. It usually heals after two weeks, but in persistent cases antibiotics can be prescribed. It is important that enough rest is taken, sufficient drinking and enough fruit and vegetables are eaten to rebuild the resistance. Steaming in a hot shower or dampo / luuf in the evening before going to bed, smearing your feet with socks over it can reduce the symptoms.
Source: Mech, Wikimedia Commons (Public Domain)

Constitutional eczema

If the skin looks red and flaky and is accompanied by itching, there is constitutional eczema. This skin rash cannot be cured, but it can be treated. The most important thing here is that the skin does not dry out or keep it oily. The doctor can prescribe various ointments such as, hormone ointment or antibiotic ointment. It is better not to completely suppress the symptoms, because this may mean a greater chance of developing asthma. In young children, eczema occurs primarily in the face, the knees and the folds of the elbow. When washing, do not use too much soap, preferably also unscented and do not wash with too hot water. When washing clothes, also use unscented detergents such as Neutral.

Flu (influenza)

This is a virus infection that is fast and fairly severe. Flu is accompanied by a few days of (high) fever and headache and pain in the limbs can occur. It can take a few weeks before the child is old again. In some cases, bacteria can cause a second infection due to the reduced resistance. Think of bronchitis or middle ear infection.
In the event of long-term complaints, contact your doctor, but at least allow your child to get sick enough.

Throat almond inflammation

Swollen lymph nodes and sore throat indicate sore throat inflammation. Eating fast can hurt quite a lot in the inflamed throat, then let the child eat fresh things such as ice creams and lots of drinking. If the fever persists for a long time and serious swallowing problems arise, contact your doctor. this can prescribe a course of antibiotics. If the tonsils are chronically inflamed, it may be necessary to have the tonsils cut.

Febrile convulsion

With a fever, a child should not be covered too warm. A sheet or thin blanket is sufficient. If a child gets too hot (above 40 degrees), a febrile seizure may occur. The child is then no longer approachable and shows draws.
Try to stay calm and make sure the child cools down (fresh air, damp washcloth) and notify the doctor.

Diaper rash

Diaper rash is actually a fungal infection that causes painful red spots, these can be prevented by timely changing the diaper. A wet diaper or poop pants can irritate the legs and skin folds. By using a protective skin ointment with every change and occasionally letting the child walk without a diaper, the symptoms are remedied.

Meningitus (neck cramp)

Meningitus or neck cramp is a dangerous disease that requires immediate medical attention. The symptoms of neck cramps include that the child makes a dull impression, has purple non-printable spots, a stiff neck (cannot get the neck on the chest) and is hypersensitive to light.

Middle ear infection

With ear pain with a rapidly rising fever, there is probably a blockage of the eustachian tube. There is then underpressure (pain) in the middle ear and can start to become inflamed (pain and fever). It can be treated by giving nasal drops and paracetamol. If the inflammation breaks through and discharge comes from the ear, the complaints are usually over quickly. If it takes too long or if the child is very young, antibiotics can be prescribed.
Source: Enochlau, Wikimedia Commons (CC BY-SA-3.0)

Hives / Galbulten

If suddenly itchy pale pink slightly swollen spots appear that disappear after a few hours, this may indicate an allergic reaction to a certain substance. Together with the doctor, they will have to find out which substance the child is allergic to and which they should avoid in the future. To reduce the itch, menthol powder can be used.

Nasal tonsils

If a child makes snoring sounds and is dizzy, there may be increased nasal tonsils, often accompanied by ear problems. Steaming helps you to breathe better. In case of persistent complaints go to the doctor.

Pseudo call

Sudden stuffiness and a barking cough indicates pseudocouple. Try to stay calm, raise the child and adjust it
child rest assured. Sometimes the steam from a hot shower can reduce the symptoms. There may be hoarseness for a few hours after the attack. Warn the doctor with increasing anxiety.
Source:, Wikimedia Commons (CC BY-SA-3.0)

Scarlet fever

The symptoms for scarlet fever are red rash with red dots, sore throat, headache and fever. It is caused by a rare bacterial infection and is usually treated with an antibiotic.

RS virus or pneumonia

Fast breathing and a rapidly rising fever may indicate pneumonia. Also, in case of doubt, contact your doctor as soon as possible.

Common cold

With a cold virus there is often talk of a runny nose, hoarseness and difficulty breathing. Steaming helps to clear the airways, a cough drink can reduce throat complaints and nose drops are needed to prevent ear infections. Children who are dizzy can best look at this at home.

Fifth disease

A virus disease that is accompanied by itchy pink-red spots and a slight fever. A child who has this virus should not come close to pregnant women due to risks to the unborn child. The disease disappears within ten days.

Food allergy

Some children are allergic to some foods. They respond to this by getting sudden shortness of breath, abdominal pain, eczema, diarrhea or constipation. The doctor can investigate which nutrients the child is sensitive to. As a precaution or in the event of an attack, the doctor may prescribe a medication and ensure that the child does not receive the relevant nutrient.
Source: Thomas Netsch, Wikimedia Commons (Public Domain)


A contagious disease that almost every child gets. It expresses itself through itchy blisters that spread throughout the body. Do not let the child scratch to prevent scarring. To soothe the itch, menthol powder and a bran bath can be used. After a week to ten days it is over.

Sixth disease

A virus infection that manifests itself in a high fever and spots that appear after about four days. Here too, the child may not come close to pregnant women due to contamination of the unborn child. The disease disappears within ten days.

Video: Common Childhood Illnesses & Immunizations. HSR Program (April 2020).

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