Diarrhea, when should you call the doctor?

With diarrhea there is thin stool. The stools can be water thin or just thinner than usual. Diarrhea can have many causes. In the majority of cases, diarrhea will soon pass, but that is not always the case. What are the risks and symptoms? With diarrhea there is always a risk of dehydration, since a lot of fluid disappears through the intestines. Especially with small children, the elderly and the sick, extra attention is paid to the chance that someone will dry out if there is diarrhea. Fever increases the chance of dehydration. Diarrhea is often innocent and especially tricky, but it can also turn out differently. Babies and small children are more at risk, and the elderly are also particularly vulnerable. Drinking is important to prevent dehydration. Often there is diarrhea also cramps in the intestines. There may also be nausea and throwing up. There are different kinds diarrhea, for example the acute form, the chronic form or traveler's diarrhea. The acute form develops suddenly and usually resolves within a short time, ranging from within a few hours or up to a week or two. Drinking well, for example just clean water or tea, or sometimes specially recommended by a doctor (ORS), is important to prevent dehydration.

How does diarrhea occur?

Diarrhea can be caused by many; different reasons. For example, it may arise from:
  • Infection (gastroenteritis.
  • Parasites.
  • Stomach flu (viruses).
  • Eat or drink something that goes wrong.
  • Spoiled food or impure drinking water
  • Eat too fat.
  • Viruses.
  • Nervousness.
  • Fruit with a laxative effect.
  • Side effect of medicines.
  • Allergy.
  • Laxative food generally.
  • Laxing pills.
  • As a result of other diseases or problems in the body.
  • Colon cancer.
  • Irritable bowel syndrome.
  • Diseases or other problems of the gastrointestinal tract.
  • Stress.
  • Metabolism too fast.
  • Others.

Chronic diarrhea

Chronic diarrhea persists due to a certain cause, such as:
  • Worm infection.
  • Bacteria + an infection.
  • Inflammation of the colon.
  • Digestive disorder.
  • Excessive use of laxatives.
  • Other intestinal disorders.

Traveler diarrhea

Traveler diarrhea occurs in travelers who come into contact with circumstances that are new to their bodies, for example:
  • Contaminated water.
  • Strange food.
  • Spoiled food.
  • Climate differences.
  • Travel conditions.

Diarrhea and medication

In the case of diarrhea, medication is less able to be absorbed by the body. As a result, medicines may not work as well. The contraceptive pill can also work less well with diarrhea with a greater chance of pregnancy.

When should you be extra alert with diarrhea and call a doctor?

Diarrhea can deplete the body, so it should not last too long. Be extra alert with:
  • Infants with diarrhea.
  • Children (younger than 2 years) who still have thin stools after 12 hours. With children you should always be alert for, among other things, dehydration.
  • Water-thin stools that last longer than 3 days (also) in children older than 2 to 3 years and in adults.
  • Drinking badly or not drinking.
  • Fever.
  • Chronic diarrhea.
  • Blood and mucous loss.
  • Severe vomiting.
  • Becoming stomachache.
  • Pain complaints.
  • Whiteness.
  • Pass out.
  • Drowsiness.
  • Confusion.
  • Pee badly or don't pee.
  • Persons older than 70 + diarrhea for longer than 24 hours.
  • The feeling that you don't trust it.

Always call a doctor if:

  • There is a high fever.
  • The person with diarrhea is drowsy.
  • There is blood in the stool.
  • Severe pain in the abdomen and / or intestines.
  • Little urine is passed on, but also when there is pain when urinating.

Prevent dehydration

In case of complaints that the stools are thin, you should always pay attention that there is sufficient drinking because there is a high risk of dehydration. The sick person then quickly loses a lot of fluid through the intestines. Regular drinking is therefore of great importance. For small babies you should always call a doctor if there is diarrhea, because little ones dry out extra quickly and at least are more at risk. Small children, under the age of 2, are also vulnerable, just like the elderly or people who are already weakened by (other) diseases. If children or the elderly or weakened drink badly with diarrhea, the dehydration can go very quickly. If in doubt, contact a doctor.

How do you know if children drink enough?

If the diapers are well wet, this is an indication that a baby is getting enough fluid. This should for example be 6 wet diapers per day. Dark yellow urine in the toilet is an indication that too little has been drunk. The urine then concentrates and therefore becomes darker in color. However, dark urine can also indicate a urinary tract infection or other problems with egohealth. This must be sorted out by a doctor. Children who are too weak or too tired to drink, or who do not want to drink, may dry out quickly or become dehydrated. Dehydration also occurs rapidly with a high fever. When in doubt always consult a doctor.

Tools for diarrhea

Simple home remedies for diarrhea are, for example, eating a grated apple, weak tea with rusks and / or some cooked rice. There are many products for sale that are specially made to inhibit or treat diarrhea. It is useful to take such resources with you when you go on vacation, or always have it at home. Always read the instructions for these diarrhea inhibitors carefully.

Video: What can cause diarrhea and fever ? Top and Best Health Channel (April 2020).

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